According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a concussion is a brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head that can change the way the brain normally works. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells. Even what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious. The FEI defines a concussion as a traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal brain function and is caused by  a biomechanical force or hit to the head or boday and transmitted to the brain. Below are valuable resources for spotting and treating concussions.

The USEFNetwork has a Learning Center video on the signs and symptoms of concussions and overall helmet safety, which can be found here

NEW: Concussions Can Be Detected With New Blood Test Approved by F.D.A

The Food and Drug Administration recently approved a blood test to detect concussions in people and more quickly identify those with possible brain injuries. For more information regarding the blood test, please see this news article

Concussion Training

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offer a free online course, which covers all aspects of concussions in sport. This course includes information regarding recognizing the signs and symptoms of a concussion, returning to sport after a concussion, and concussion prevention. 

Recognizing a Concussion

The 5th International Consensus on Concussion in Sport was held in Berlin in October of 2016. This conferene is the most prestigious gathering in the world of sports concussion researchers and experts and is held every four years. The experts from this conference released a Concussion Consensus Statement and the following tools, which can be found below in the Forms and Publications section of this page. 

  • CRT 5 (Concussion Recognition Tool) is designed to help anyone recognize the signs and symptions of a concussion in order to take appropriate action in assisting the athlete.
  • SCAT 5 (Sport Concussions Assessment Tool) is designed to be used by medical professionals in making the determination as to whether an athlete is concussed. 
  • Child SCAT 5 should be used by medical professionals in making the determination as to whether a child between the ages of 5 and 12 is concussed. 

Please make sure to seek professional advice whenever concussion is suspected.

Signs and Symptoms of Concussions

Most people with a concussion recover quickly and fully. But for some people, symptoms can last for days, weeks, or longer. In general, recovery may be slower among older adults, young children, and teens. Information regarding recognizing a possible concussion can be found at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's website

Prevention

As a coach, parent or competitor, you play a key role in preventing concussions and responding properly when they occur. There are steps you can take to help prevent concussions and traumatic head injuries. Some brain injury safety tips and prevention information may be found here. Additional information regarding preventing concussions in child athletes can be found at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Heads Up website.  

Information regarding helmet safety can be found in the Forms and Publications section at the bottom of this page. 

Heads Up for Safety

The Heads Up app will help you learn how to spot and what to do if you think your child or teen has a concussion or other serious brain injury. Download it today and stay informed!

Neurocognitive Assessment Test

Immediate Post-Concussion Assessement and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a tool used by many in the evaluation of a concussion. ImPACT may be found here

Concussion and Head Injury Organization Resources

The following is a list of concussion and head injury organizations:

Concussion in Sport Resources

The following is a list of helpful resources in the event that you or your child have a suspected concussion:

 

 

Forms and Publications

Child SCAT 5

This tool is designed to help medical professionals in the diagnosis of a concussion in child between 5 and 12 years of age.

Concussion Safety Poster

This poster contains important concussion information and can be printed and posted around the barn.

Consensus Statement

The Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport was published at the conclusion of the 5th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Berlin in October of 2016.

CRT 5

This tool can be used by anyone to help recognize the signs and symptoms of a concussion.

Heads Up for Coaches

This poster contains concussion information in a format useful for all equestrian coaches and trainers.

Heads Up for Parents

This poster contains concussion information in a format useful for all parents of equestrian athletes.

Heads Up: Preventing Concussions

CDC's helpful document providing you with preventative information.

Heads Up: Selecting Your Helmet

This poster offers helpful information when selecting a properly fitted helmet.

SCAT 5

This tool is designed to help medical professionals in the diagnosis of a concussion.