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About the Sport

Combined driving is designed to test a driver's ability & the horse(s)' obedience, speed and athleticism, in three demanding phases with a carriage in tow: Driven Dressage, Marathon & Cones. The sport, conceptualized by HRH Prince Phillip, is modeled after the mounted equestrian discipline of three-day eventing or, the human equivalent of a triathlon. 

Competitors can drive a turnout of a single horse, a pair of horses, or a team of four horses. The driver/horse(s) combination will accumulate penalty points throughout each phase of competition & the competitor with the fewest overall penalty points will place first. Accuracy, speed and endurance are all a necessary part of this exhilarating sport!

The driven dressage phase tests the driver & their horse(s) on harmony, impulsion, ease of movement and suppleness through a sequence of scored movements in an arena. Typically, the second phase is the fast-paced and demanding cross-country marathon. The marathon tests a horse’s fitness, stamina, and agility along with a driver’s accuracy and judgment as they navigate an intricate series of hazards which will include water, steep hills, and sharp turns - all within the fastest time possible. The last phase, the cones course, times the competitor while they accurately negotiate an intricate, winding course of narrowly-set cones without knocking them with the carriage wheels. 

While combined driving is a technical and demanding sport, it can be enjoyed by people of any age, and with any breed of horses or ponies. 

Stay connected on Facebook:  #USADriving !

U.S. Equestrian Volunteers & Staff

The USEF Driving Sport Committee (DSC) consists of experienced members of the Combined Driving community, including at least 3 Athlete representatives. The DSC is responsible for working to improve the USEF programs, the Rulebook and Selection Procedures for our U.S. Driving Teams, and coordinate with the FEI, among other things. These passionate volunteers meet frequently throughout the year to discuss changes, conquer challenges and to find ways to develop the sport of Combined Driving.


USEF Combined Driving Contact:

Danielle Aamodt, Director of Driving

[email protected]  |  859-225-2077 

Forms and Publications


Updated frequently

2020 USEF Combined Driving entry form

updated May 15, 2020

USEF Waiver & Release of Liability Agreement

Participants at USEF competitions must sign & submit to Organizers - updated May 2020

Combined Driving Short Format modification

Approved through 2021

Short Format Driving Events Quick Guide

A summary of differences between CDEs & Short Format Events

Adding USEF Training Division - Presidential Modification to the DC Rules

Presidential Modification Approved 12/10/2019

Presidential Modification to DC 901.4

National Championship format

Presidential Modification to DC922.3-4 & DC 939

Small Pony Four-in-hand Grooms & General Impression

HOTY Declaration Form

Pairs / Four-in-hands

USEF Driven Dressage Tests

for Combined Driving